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case of the parts of a solid, namely either a line or a plane.

Space and time also belong to this class of quantities. Time,

past, present, and future, forms a continuous whole. Space,

likewise, is a continuous quantity; for the parts of a solid occupy

a certain space, and these have a common boundary; it follows that the

parts of space also, which are occupied by the parts of the solid,

have the same common boundary as the parts of the solid. Thus, not

only time, but space also, is a continuous quantity, for its parts

have a common boundary.

Quantities consist either of parts which bear a relative position

each to each, or of parts which do not. The parts of a line bear a

relative position to each other, for each lies somewhere, and it would

be possible to distinguish each, and to state the position of each

on the plane and to explain to what sort of part among the rest each

was contiguous. Similarly the parts of a plane have position, for it

could similarly be stated what was the position of each and what

sort of parts were contiguous. The same is true with regard to the

solid and to space. But it would be impossible to show that the arts

of a number had a relative position each to each, or a particular

position, or to state what parts were contiguous. Nor could this be

done in the case of time, for none of the parts of time has an abiding

existence, and that which does not abide can hardly have position.

It would be better to say that such parts had a relative order, in

virtue of one being prior to another. Similarly with number: in

counting, 'one' is prior to 'two', and 'two' to 'three', and thus

the parts of number may be said to possess a relative order, though it

would be impossible to discover any distinct position for each. This

holds good also in the case of speech. None of its parts has an

abiding existence: when once a syllable is pronounced, it is not

possible to retain it, so that, naturally, as the parts do not

abide, they cannot have position. Thus, some quantities consist of

parts which have position, and some of those which have not.

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