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terms 'two cubits long, "three cubits long,' and so on indicate

quantity, the terms 'great' and 'small' indicate relation, for they

have reference to an external standard. It is, therefore, plain that

these are to be classed as relative.

Again, whether we define them as quantitative or not, they have no

contraries: for how can there be a contrary of an attribute which is

not to be apprehended in or by itself, but only by reference to

something external? Again, if 'great' and 'small' are contraries, it

will come about that the same subject can admit contrary qualities

at one and the same time, and that things will themselves be

contrary to themselves. For it happens at times that the same thing is

both small and great. For the same thing may be small in comparison

with one thing, and great in comparison with another, so that the same

thing comes to be both small and great at one and the same time, and

is of such a nature as to admit contrary qualities at one and the same

moment. Yet it was agreed, when substance was being discussed, that

nothing admits contrary qualities at one and the same moment. For

though substance is capable of admitting contrary qualities, yet no

one is at the same time both sick and healthy, nothing is at the

same time both white and black. Nor is there anything which is

qualified in contrary ways at one and the same time.

Moreover, if these were contraries, they would themselves be

contrary to themselves. For if 'great' is the contrary of 'small', and

the same thing is both great and small at the same time, then

'small' or 'great' is the contrary of itself. But this is

impossible. The term 'great', therefore, is not the contrary of the

term 'small', nor 'much' of 'little'. And even though a man should

call these terms not relative but quantitative, they would not have

contraries.

It is in the case of space that quantity most plausibly appears to

admit of a contrary. For men define the term 'above' as the contrary

of 'below', when it is the region at the centre they mean by

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