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accurate if we coined some word like 'ruddered' as the correlative

of 'rudder'. If we express ourselves thus accurately, at any rate

the terms are reciprocally connected, for the 'ruddered' thing is

'ruddered' in virtue of its rudder. So it is in all other cases. A

head will be more accurately defined as the correlative of that

which is 'headed', than as that of an animal, for the animal does

not have a head qua animal, since many animals have no head.

Thus we may perhaps most easily comprehend that to which a thing

is related, when a name does not exist, if, from that which has a

name, we derive a new name, and apply it to that with which the

first is reciprocally connected, as in the aforesaid instances, when

we derived the word 'winged' from 'wing' and from 'rudder'.

All relatives, then, if properly defined, have a correlative. I

add this condition because, if that to which they are related is

stated as haphazard and not accurately, the two are not found to be

interdependent. Let me state what I mean more clearly. Even in the

case of acknowledged correlatives, and where names exist for each,

there will be no interdependence if one of the two is denoted, not

by that name which expresses the correlative notion, but by one of

irrelevant significance. The term 'slave,' if defined as related,

not to a master, but to a man, or a biped, or anything of that sort,

is not reciprocally connected with that in relation to which it is

defined, for the statement is not exact. Further, if one thing is said

to be correlative with another, and the terminology used is correct,

then, though all irrelevant attributes should be removed, and only

that one attribute left in virtue of which it was correctly stated

to be correlative with that other, the stated correlation will still

exist. If the correlative of 'the slave' is said to be 'the master',

then, though all irrelevant attributes of the said 'master', such as

'biped', 'receptive of knowledge', 'human', should be removed, and the

attribute 'master' alone left, the stated correlation existing between

him and the slave will remain the same, for it is of a master that a

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