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On Memory And Reminiscense   

once allayed, even though the angry or terrified persons (by efforts

of will) set up counter motions, but the passions continue to move

them on, in the same direction as at first, in opposition to such

counter motions. The affection resembles also that in the case of

words, tunes, or sayings, whenever one of them has become inveterate

on the lips. People give them up and resolve to avoid them; yet

again they find themselves humming the forbidden air, or using the

prohibited word. Those whose upper parts are abnormally large, as.

is the case with dwarfs, have abnormally weak memory, as compared with

their opposites, because of the great weight which they have resting

upon the organ of perception, and because their mnemonic movements

are, from the very first, not able to keep true to a course, but are

dispersed, and because, in the effort at recollection, these movements

do not easily find a direct onward path. Infants and very old

persons have bad memories, owing to the amount of movement going on

within them; for the latter are in process of rapid decay, the

former in process of vigorous growth; and we may add that children,

until considerably advanced in years, are dwarf-like in their bodily

structure. Such then is our theory as regards memory and remembering

their nature, and the particular organ of the soul by which animals

remember; also as regards recollection, its formal definition, and the

manner and causes-of its performance.


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