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Clio   


of a numerous body of mercenaries, and by keeping up a full exchequer,
partly supplied from native sources, partly from the countries about
the river Strymon. He also demanded hostages from many of the
Athenians who had remained at home, and not left Athens at his
approach; and these he sent to Naxos, which he had conquered by
force of arms, and given over into the charge of Lygdamis. Farther, he
purified the island of Delos, according to the injunctions of an
oracle, after the following fashion. All the dead bodies which had
been interred within sight of the temple he dug up, and removed to
another part of the isle. Thus was the tyranny of Pisistratus
established at Athens, many of the Athenians having fallen in the
battle, and many others having fled the country together with the
son of Alcmaeon.
Such was the condition of the Athenians when Croesus made
inquiry concerning them. Proceeding to seek information concerning the
Lacedaemonians, he learnt that, after passing through a period of
great depression, they had lately been victorious in a war with the
people of Tegea; for, during the joint reign of Leo and Agasicles,
kings of Sparta, the Lacedaemonians, successful in all their other
wars, suffered continual defeat at the hands of the Tegeans. At a
still earlier period they had been the very worst governed people in
Greece, as well in matters of internal management as in their
relations towards foreigners, from whom they kept entirely aloof.
The circumstances which led to their being well governed were the
following:- Lycurgus, a man of distinction among the Spartans, had
gone to Delphi, to visit the oracle. Scarcely had he entered into
the inner fane, when the Pythoness exclaimed aloud,

Oh! thou great Lycurgus, that com'st to my beautiful dwelling,
Dear to love, and to all who sit in the halls of Olympus,
Whether to hail thee a god I know not, or only a mortal,
But my hope is strong that a god thou wilt prove, Lycurgus.

Some report besides, that the Pythoness delivered to him the entire
system of laws which are still observed by the Spartans. The
Lacedaemonians, however. themselves assert that Lycurgus, when he
was guardian of his nephew, Labotas, king of Sparta, and regent in his
room, introduced them from Crete; for as soon as he became regent,
he altered the whole of the existing customs, substituting new ones,
which he took care should be observed by all. After this he arranged
whatever appertained to war, establishing the Enomotiae, Triacades,
and Syssitia, besides which he instituted the senate,' and the
ephoralty. Such was the way in which the Lacedaemonians became a
well-governed people.
On the death of Lycurgus they built him a temple, and ever since
they have worshipped him with the utmost reverence. Their soil being
good and the population numerous, they sprang up rapidly to power, and
became a flourishing people. In consequence they soon ceased to be
satisfied to stay quiet; and, regarding the Arcadians as very much
their inferiors, they sent to consult the oracle about conquering
the whole of Arcadia. The Pythoness thus answered them:

Cravest thou Arcady? Bold is thy craving. I shall not content it.
Many the men that in Arcady dwell, whose food is the acorn-
They will never allow thee. It is not I that am niggard.
I will give thee to dance in Tegea, with noisy foot-fall,
And with the measuring line mete out the glorious champaign.

When the Lacedaemonians received this reply, leaving the rest of
Arcadia untouched, they marched against the Tegeans, carrying with
them fetters, so confident had this oracle (which was, in truth, but
of base metal) made them that they would enslave the Tegeans. The
battle, however, went against them, and many fell into the enemy's
hands. Then these persons, wearing the fetters which they had

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