But since these Ionians set more store by the name than any of the
others, let them pass for the pure-bred Ionians; though truly all
are Ionians who have their origin from Athens, and keep the
Apaturia. This is a festival which all the Ionians celebrate, except
the Ephesians and the Colophonians, whom a certain act of bloodshed
excludes from it.
The Panionium is a place in Mycale, facing the north, which was
chosen by the common voice of the Ionians and made sacred to
Heliconian Neptune. Mycale itself is a promontory of the mainland,
stretching out westward towards Samos, in which the Ionians assemble
from all their States to keep the feast of the Panionia. The names
of festivals, not only among the Ionians but among all the Greeks,
end, like the Persian proper names, in one and the same letter.
The above-mentioned, then, are the twelve towns of the Ionians.
The Aeolic cities are the following:- Cyme, called also Phriconis,
Larissa, Neonteichus, Temnus, Cilla, Notium, Aegiroessa, Pitane,
Aegaeae, Myrina, and Gryneia. These are the eleven ancient cities of
the Aeolians. Originally, indeed, they had twelve cities upon the
mainland, like the Ionians, but the Ionians deprived them of Smyrna,
one of the number. The soil of Aeolis is better than that of Ionia,
but the climate is less agreeable.
The following is the way in which the loss of Smyrna happened.
Certain men of Colophon had been engaged in a sedition there, and
being the weaker party, were driven by the others into banishment. The
Smyrnaeans received the fugitives, who, after a time, watching their
opportunity, while the inhabitants were celebrating a feast to Bacchus
outside the walls, shut to the gates, and so got possession of the
town. The Aeolians of the other States came to their aid, and terms
were agreed on between the parties, the Ionians consenting to give
up all the moveables, and the Aeolians making a surrender of the
place. The expelled Smyrnaeans were distributed among the other States
of the Aeolians, and were everywhere admitted to citizenship.
These, then, were all the Aeolic cities upon the mainland, with
the exception of those about Mount Ida, which made no part of this
confederacy. As for the islands, Lesbos contains five cities.
Arisba, the sixth, was taken by the Methymnaeans, their kinsmen, and
the inhabitants reduced to slavery. Tenedos contains one city, and
there is another which is built on what are called the Hundred
Isles. The Aeolians of Lesbos and Tenedos, like the Ionian
islanders, had at this time nothing to fear. The other Aeolians
decided in their common assembly to follow the Ionians, whatever
course they should pursue.
When the deputies of the Ionians and Aeolians, who had journeyed
with all speed to Sparta, reached the city, they chose one of their
number, Pythermus, a Phocaean, to be their spokesman. In order to draw
together as large an audience as possible, he clothed himself in a
purple garment, and so attired stood forth to speak. In a long
discourse he besought the Spartans to come to the assistance of his
countrymen, but they were not to be persuaded, and voted against
sending any succour. The deputies accordingly went their way, while
the Lacedaemonians, notwithstanding the refusal which they had given
to the prayer of the deputation, despatched a penteconter to the
Asiatic coast with certain Spartans on board, for the purpose, as I
think, of watching Cyrus and Ionia. These men, on their arrival at
Phocaea, sent to Sardis Lacrines, the most distinguished of their
number, to prohibit Cyrus, in the name of the Lacedaemonians, from
offering molestation to any city of Greece, since they would not allow
Cyrus is said, on hearing the speech of the herald, to have
asked some Greeks who were standing by, "Who these Lacedaemonians
were, and what was their number, that they dared to send him such a
notice?" When he had received their reply, he turned to the Spartan
herald and said, "I have never yet been afraid of any men, who have
a set place in the middle of their city, where they come together to