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Clio   


Cyrus, finding on his arrival that Pactyas and his troops were gone,
immediately entered the town. And first of all he forced the Lydians
to obey the orders of his master, and change (as they did from that
time) their entire manner of living. Next, he despatched messengers to
Cyme, and required to have Pactyas delivered up to him. On this the
Cymaeans resolved to send to Branchidae and ask the advice of the god.
Branchidae is situated in the territory of Miletus, above the port
of Panormus. There was an oracle there, established in very ancient
times, which both the Ionians and Aeolians were wont often to consult.
Hither therefore the Cymaeans sent their deputies to make
inquiry at the shrine, "What the gods would like them to do with the
Lydian, Pactyas?" The oracle told them, in reply, to give him up to
the Persians. With this answer the messengers returned, and the people
of Cymd were ready to surrender him accordingly; but as they were
preparing to do so, Aristodicus, son of Heraclides, a citizen of
distinction, hindered them. He declared that he distrusted the
response, and believed that the messengers had reported it falsely;
until at last another embassy, of which Aristodicus himself made part,
was despatched, to repeat the former inquiry concerning Pactyas.
On their arrival at the shrine of the god, Aristodicus, speaking
on behalf of the whole body, thus addressed the oracle: "Oh! king,
Pactyas the Lydian, threatened by the Persians with a violent death,
has come to us for sanctuary, and lo, they ask him at our hands,
calling upon our nation to deliver him up. Now, though we greatly
dread the Persian power, yet have we not been bold to give up our
suppliant, till we have certain knowledge of thy mind, what thou
wouldst have us to do." The oracle thus questioned gave the same
answer as before, bidding them surrender Pactyas to the Persians;
whereupon Aristodicus, who had come prepared for such an answer,
proceeded to make the circuit of the temple, and to take all the nests
of young sparrows and other birds that he could find about the
building. As he was thus employed, a voice, it is said, came forth
from the inner sanctuary, addressing Aristodicus in these words: "Most
impious of men, what is this thou hast the face to do? Dost thou
tear my suppliants from my temple?" Aristodicus, at no loss for a
reply, rejoined, "Oh, king, art thou so ready to protect thy
suppliants, and dost thou command the Cymaeans to give up a
suppliant?" "Yes," returned the god, "I do command it, that so for the
impiety you may the sooner perish, and not come here again to
consult my oracle about the surrender of suppliants."
On the receipt of this answer the Cymaeans, unwilling to bring the
threatened destruction on themselves by giving up the man, and
afraid of having to endure a siege if they continued to harbour him,
sent Pactyas away to Mytilene. On this Mazares despatched envoys to
the Mytilenaeans to demand the fugitive of them, and they were
preparing to give him up for a reward (I cannot say with certainty how
large, as the bargain was not completed), when the Cymaeans hearing
what the Mytilenaeans were about, sent a vessel to Lesbos, and
conveyed away Pactyas to Chios. From hence it was that he was
surrendered. The Chians dragged him from the temple of Minerva
Poliuchus and gave him up to the Persians, on condition of receiving
the district of Atarneus, a tract of Mysia opposite to Lesbos, as
the price of the surrender. Thus did Pactyas fall into the hands of
his pursuers, who kept a strict watch upon him that they might be able
to produce him before Cyrus. For a long time afterwards none of the
Chians would use the barley of Atarneus to place on the heads of
victims, or make sacrificial cakes of the corn grown there, but the
whole produce of the land was excluded from all their temples.
Meanwhile Mazares, after he had recovered Pactyas from the Chians,
made war upon those who had taken part in the attack on Tabalus, and
in the first place took Priene and sold the inhabitants for slaves,
after which he overran the whole plain of the Maeander and the
district of Magnesia, both of which he gave up for pillage to the
soldiery. He then suddenly sickened and died.

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