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of whom carried the tidings to Psammetichus, and, as he had never
before seen men clad in brass, he reported that brazen men had come
from the sea and were plundering the plain. Psammetichus, perceiving
at once that the oracle was accomplished, made friendly advances to
the strangers, and engaged them, by splendid promises, to enter into
his service. He then, with their aid and that of the Egyptians who
espoused his cause, attacked the eleven and vanquished them.
When Psammetichus had thus become sole monarch of Egypt, he
built the southern gateway of the temple of Vulcan in Memphis, and
also a court for Apis, in which Apis is kept whenever he makes his
appearance in Egypt. This court is opposite the gateway of
Psammetichus, and is surrounded with a colonnade and adorned with a
multitude of figures. Instead of pillars, the colonnade rests upon
colossal statues, twelve cubits in height. The Greek name for Apis
is Epaphus.
To the Ionians and Carians who had lent him their assistance
Psammetichus assigned as abodes two places opposite to each other, one
on either side of the Nile, which received the name of "the Camps." He
also made good all the splendid promises by which he had gained
their support; and further, he intrusted to their care certain
Egyptian children whom they were to teach the language of the
Greeks. These children, thus instructed, became the parents of the
entire class of interpreters in Egypt. The Ionians and Carians
occupied for many years the places assigned them by Psammetichus,
which lay near the sea, a little below the city of Bubastis, on the
Pelusiac mouth of the Nile. King Amasis long afterwards removed the
Greeks hence, and settled them at Memphis to guard him against the
native Egyptians. From the date of the original settlement of these
persons in Egypt, we Greeks, through our intercourse with them, have
acquired an accurate knowledge of the several events in Egyptian
history, from the reign of Psammetichus downwards; but before his time
no foreigners had ever taken up their residence in that land. The
docks where their vessels were laid up and the ruins of their
habitations were still to be seen in my day at the place where they
dwelt originally, before they were removed by Amasis. Such was the
mode by which Psammetichus became master of Egypt.
I have already made mention more than once of the Egyptian oracle,
and, as it well deserves notice, I shall now proceed to give an
account of it more at length. It is a temple of Latona, situated in
the midst of a great city on the Sebennytic mouth of the Nile, at some
distance up the river from the sea. The name of the city, as I have
before observed, is Buto; and in it are two other temples also, one of
Apollo and one of Diana. Latona's temple, which contains the oracle,
is a spacious building with a gateway ten fathoms in height. The
most wonderful thing that was actually to be seen about this temple
was a chapel in the enclosure made of a single stone, the length and
height of which were the same, each wall being forty cubits square,
and the whole a single block! Another block of stone formed the roof
and projected at the eaves to the extent of four cubits.
This, as I have said, was what astonished me the most, of all
the things that were actually to be seen about the temple. The next
greatest marvel was the island called Chemmis. This island lies in the
middle of a broad and deep lake close by the temple, and the natives
declare that it floats. For my own part I did not see it float, or
even move; and I wondered greatly, when they told me concerning it,
whether there be really such a thing as a floating island. It has a
grand temple of Apollo built upon it, in which are three distinct
altars. Palm trees grow on it in great abundance, and many other
trees, some of which bear fruit, while others are barren. The
Egyptians tell the following story in connection with this island,
to explain the way in which it first came to float:- "In former times,
when the isle was still fixed and motionless, Latona, one of the eight
gods of the first order, who dwelt in the city of Buto, where now
she has her oracle, received Apollo as a sacred charge from Isis,

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