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Euterpe   


conjointly by the Ionians, Dorians, and Aeolians, the following cities
taking part in the work:- the Ionian states of Chios, Teos, Phocaea,
and Clazomenae; Rhodes, Cnidus, Halicarnassus, and Phaselis of the
Dorians; and Mytilene of the Aeolians. These are the states to whom
the temple belongs, and they have the right of appointing the
governors of the factory; the other cities which claim a share in
the building, claim what in no sense belongs to them. Three nations,
however, consecrated for themselves separate temples- the Eginetans
one to Jupiter, the Samians to Juno, and the Milesians to Apollo.
In ancient times there was no factory but Naucratis in the whole
of Egypt; and if a person entered one of the other mouths of the Nile,
he was obliged to swear that he had not come there of his own free
will. Having so done, he was bound to sail in his ship to the
Canobic mouth, or were that impossible owing to contrary winds, he
must take his wares by boat all round the Delta, and so bring them
to Naucratis, which had an exclusive privilege.
It happened in the reign of Amasis that the temple of Delphi had
been accidentally burnt, and the Amphictyons had contracted to have it
rebuilt for three hundred talents, of which sum one-fourth was to be
furnished by the Delphians. Under these circumstances the Delphians
went from city to city begging contributions, and among their other
wanderings came to Egypt and asked for help. From few other places did
they obtain so much- Amasis gave them a thousand talents of alum,
and the Greek settlers twenty minae.
A league was concluded by Amasis with the Cyrenaeans, by which
Cyrene and Egypt became close friends and allies. He likewise took a
wife from that city, either as a sign of his friendly feeling, or
because he had a fancy to marry a Greek woman. However this may be,
certain it is that he espoused a lady of Cyrene, by name Ladice,
daughter, some say, of Battus or Arcesilaus, the king- others, of
Critobulus, one of the chief citizens. When the time came to
complete the contract, Amasis was struck with weakness. Astonished
hereat- for he was not wont to be so afflicted- the king thus
addressed his bride: "Woman, thou hast certainly bewitched me- now
therefore be sure thou shalt perish more miserably than ever woman
perished yet." Ladice protested her innocence, but in vain; Amasis was
not softened. Hereupon she made a vow internally, that if he recovered
within the day (for no longer time was allowed her), she would present
a statue to the temple of Venus at Cyrene. Immediately she obtained
her wish, and the king's weakness disappeared. Amasis loved her
greatly ever after, and Ladice performed her vow. The statue which she
caused to be made, and sent to Cyrene continued there to my day,
standing with its face looking outwards from the city. Ladice herself,
when Cambyses conquered Egypt, suffered no wrong; for Cambyses, on
learning of her who she was, sent her back unharmed to her country.
Besides the marks of favour already mentioned, Amasis also
enriched with offerings many of the Greek temples. He sent to Cyrene a
statue of Minerva covered with plates of gold, and a painted
likeness of himself. To the Minerva of Lindus he gave two statues in
stone, and a linen corslet well worth inspection. To the Samian Juno
he presented two statues of himself, made in wood, which stood in
the great temple to my day, behind the doors. Samos was honoured
with these gifts on account of the bond of friendship subsisting
between Amasis and Polycrates, the son of Aeaces: Lindus, for no
such reason, but because of the tradition that the daughters of Danaus
touched there in their flight from the sons of Aegyptus, and built the
temple of Minerva. Such were the offerings of Amasis. He likewise took
Cyprus, which no man had ever done before, and compelled it to pay him
a tribute.

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