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Marcus Brutus   


forced all inwards, and consuming at once all the nourishment laid in,
or whether the sharp and subtle vapour which comes from the snow as it
dissolves cuts the body, as it were, and destroys the heat which
issues through the pores; for the sweatings seem to arise from the
heat meeting with the cold, and being quenched by it on the surface of
the body. But this I have in another place discussed more at large.
Brutus growing very faint, and there being none in the whole army
that had anything for him to eat, his servants were forced to have
recourse to the enemy, and, going as far as to the gates of the
city, begged bread of the sentinels that were upon duty. As soon as
they heard of the condition of Brutus, they came themselves, and
brought both meat and drink along with them; in return for which
Brutus, when he took the city, showed the greatest kindness, not to
them only, but to all the inhabitants, for their sakes. Caius
Antonius, in the meantime, coming to Apollonia, summoned all the
soldiers that were near that city to join him there; but finding
that they nevertheless went all to Brutus, and suspecting that even
those of Apollonia were inclined to the same party, he quitted that
city, and came to Buthrotum, having first lost three cohorts of his
men, that in their march thither were cut to pieces by Brutus. After
this, attempting to make himself master of some strong places about
Byllis which the enemy had first seized, he was overcome in a set
battle by young Cicero, to whom Brutus gave the command, and whose
conduct he made use of often and with much success. Caius himself
was surprised in a marshy place, at a distance from his support; and
Brutus having him in his power would not suffer his soldiers to
attack, but maneuvering about the enemy with his horse, gave command
that none of them should be killed, for that in a little time they
would all be of his side; which accordingly came to pass, for they
surrendered both themselves and their general. So that Brutus had by
this time a very great and considerable army. He showed all marks of
honour and esteem to Caius for a long time, and left him the use of
the ensigns of his office, though, as some report, he had several
letters from Rome, and particularly from Cicero, advising him to put
him to death. But at last, perceiving that he began to corrupt his
officers, and was trying to raise a mutiny amongst the soldiers, he
put him aboard a ship and kept him close prisoner. In the meantime,
the soldiers that had been corrupted by Caius retired to Apollonia,
and sent word to Brutus, desiring him to come to them thither. He
answered that this was not the custom of the Romans, but that it
became those who had offended to come themselves to their general
and beg forgiveness of their offences; which they did, and accordingly
received their pardon.
As he was preparing to pass into Asia, tidings reached him of the
alteration that had happened at Rome; where the young Caesar, assisted
by the senate, in opposition to Antony, and having driven his
competitor out of Italy, had begun himself to be very formidable,
suing for the consulship contrary to law, and maintaining large bodies
of troops of which the commonwealth had no manner of need. And then,
perceiving that the senate, dissatisfied with the proceedings, began
to cast their eyes abroad upon Brutus, and decreed and confirmed the
government of several provinces to him, he had taken the alarm.
Therefore despatching messengers to Antony, he desired that there
might be a reconciliation, and a friendship between them. Then,
drawing all his forces about the city, he made himself to be chosen
consul, though he was but a boy, being scarce twenty years old, as
he himself writes in his memoirs. At the first entry upon the
consulship he immediately ordered a judicial process to be issued
out against Brutus and his accomplices for having murdered a principal
man of the city, holding the highest magistracies of Rome, without
being heard or condemned; and appointed Lucius Cornificus to accuse
Brutus, and Marcus Agrippa to accuse Cassius. None appearing to the
accusation, the judges were forced to pass sentence and condemn them
both. It is reported that when the crier from the tribunal, as the

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